Eating Poison Everyday (Part 2) : Pesticides 4 / 天天都在吃毒(第二部): 农药篇 4

中文版接在英文版下面

Previous Chapters of the “Pesticides” Series:

 

4)

Pesticides manufacturers described the “resistance” problem as a “business opportunity”!

At least 14 weed species on 5 continents have developed resistance due to massive applications of Glyphosate (a type of herbicide); as a result, farmers must employ “even more” toxic chemicals to kill resistant weeds. Between 2005 & 2010, global sales of pesticides rose from US$ 31 billion to US$ 38 billion!

6 Largest Pesticide Manufacturers Stood Trial at International People’s Court

big-6-sign-smallIn 2011, the 6 largest pesticide manufacturers: Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer, BASF, Dow & Dupont were prosecuted for their human rights violations (included rights to life, livelihood & health). Pesticide Action Network, Beyond Pesticides and other groups together signed a joint statement demanding these pesticides manufacturers to be held accountable.

Below were 3 out of the 25 cases in the prosecution:

People of Kasargod vs. Bayer

In the district of Kasargod in India, Endosulfan (a pesticide manufactured by Bayer) has been sprayed aerially on cashew nut plantations for over 20 years. As a result, people there have suffered significant congenital/reproductive/neurological damage. 500 deaths were officially acknowledged, unofficial figures were around 4000, more than 9000 people have had health problems resulting from exposure to Endosulfan.

Family of Silvino Talavera vs. Monsanto

Countless people have suffered severe health effects from exposure to RoundUp (a herbicide manufactured by Monsanto), and some had even died. 11-year-old boy Silvino Talavera from Paraguay was on his way home from school one day when he was enveloped in a cloud of RoundUp. He arrived home barely able to breathe and was rushed to the hospital, where he died 5 days later.

Farmers of India vs. Monsanto

In India, Monsanto’s genetically modified BT Cotton has monopolized the cottonseed market, resulting in the following: Increased royalties on their seeds has pushed farmers deeper into debt; grazing on BT cotton has caused the cattles to fall sick & die; mass farmer suicides in multiple states in India due to inability to make a living.

Note

Makhteshim Agan, Nufarm, Sumitomo Chemical, Arysta Lifescience are the other 4 largest pesticides manufacturers in the top 10; China is now the country that both uses & produces the largest amount of pesticides.

EWAC2

Eating with a Conscience

Actually we don’t have to rely on harmful pesticides for our agriculture, there is a much better way: the “organic” way.

Beyond Pesticides encouraged everyone to oppose those pesticides manufacturers, starting from our “food-buying decision” — Try to buy more organic food.

New study has found that having organic diet for 1 week can drop pesticide levels by 90% in adults!

 

Extended Resources

Major References for “Pesticides” Series

 

Edited version, based on the articles in my blog: “U-Turn of Creation

Jump to Comments Section


 

“农药篇”的前几章:

 

4)

农药公司称“抗药性”问题为“商机”。

由于大量喷洒 Glyphosate(一种灭草剂),全球5大洲中,至少14种野草已经产生“抗药性”;结果农夫必须使用“更多”有毒化学物来除灭有抗药性的野草。2005 年到2010年间,全球农药销售量从 美金3百10亿增加到3百80亿!

全球6大农药企业被告上国际人民法庭

big-6-sign-small2011年,在国际人民法庭,全球6大农药企业: Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer, BASF, Dow & Dupont 因为侵犯人权而被起诉(包括了生命/维生/健康方面的人权)。Pesticide Action Network,Beyond Pesticides 和其他团体一起签署了一份联合宣言,要求这些农药大企业负责。

下列是25项起诉当中的3项:

Kasergod 人民 vs. Bayer

20多年来,在印度Kasergod地区,Bayer 制造的农药 Endosulfan 被用来喷洒在腰果种植园。结果,当地人民深受“先天/生殖/神经”方面的严重伤害。正式公布的死亡人数有500人,非正式公布的有4000人左右,并且超过9000人因为接触 Endosulfan而健康出问题。

Silvino Talavera 家庭 vs. Monsanto

因为接触 Monsanto 制造的灭草剂RoundUp,数不清的人民健康严重受损,有些甚至死亡。巴拉圭11岁男孩 Silvino Talavera 一天从学校回来,被一团喷洒的 RoundUp 笼罩,回家后呼吸困难、紧急送院,5天后不治死亡。

印度人民 vs. Monsanto

在印度,Monsanto以“基因改造BT棉花”垄断棉花种子市场,造成以下后果:种子“专利使用费”增加,使农夫们负债更深;牛群误食BT棉花之后生病和死亡;由于无法维持生计,印度几个省有很多农夫自杀。

Makhteshim Agan, Nufarm, Sumitomo Chemical, Arysta Lifescience 是全球10大农药企业中的另外4大;目前中国是使用和制造最多农药的国家。

EWAC2

有良心的饮食方式

其实我们的农业不需要依靠农药,有一个更好的方法,叫作:“有机”种植。

Beyond Pesticides 呼吁大家一起抵制这些农药大企业,从我们“选购食物的决定”开始 — 尽量多选购有机食物。

一项新研究发现:吃了一个星期的有机饮食后,成人体内的农药份量减少了90% !

 

延伸资讯

“农药篇”主要参考来源

 

修订版,取材自我部落格 “万物的U转” 里的文章

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